Hey IceDigger, welcome to the forum
I don't have any experience with Windows Home Server, but I'm willing to pitch in here.
first off try editing /etc/nsswitch.conf and look for a line similar to this:
hosts: mdns4_minimal files nis dns wins mdns4
and change it to read like this:
hosts: mdns4_minimal files nis wins dns mdns4
Note that wins now comes before dns.
As a first check for finding the windows share click on the PC button select Internet and SMBK4 you should be anble to see the server in the Network Neighbourhood, clicking on the server nave should show you the shares associated with it and allow you to mount them.
To configure your printer goto the PCC (Screwdriver and Spanner/Wrench in a blue circle) select Hardware and then Setup the printers etc
Let us know how you get on