At the boot screen you have an option failsafe
. Try it, please.
It seems you have some xorg
Not bad if you post here which installation option did you use, i.e Use existing partition
or else. Describe generally the machine specificaion also please.
By the way I suppose the LiveCD itself boots normally, is it? Try "Media Check" option on it to see if you have problems with the disk+CD driver.
Waiting for you and for other guys to help...