First, installing from outside sources (getting it from some website) is not recommended. Such installs can break your system and render it unsupported.
There is a printing package for canon available in the repos.
Start Synaptic package manager > click Reload > after that has completed, click Mark all upgrades > click to agree to mark them > click Apply > and again click Apply. After the update has completed, click the Custom button on the lower left > click Tasks on the left menu > task-printing-canon is the package you want. Mark it for installation > Apply > Apply.