Sorry about the ls -lR /media command.
That's okay. I might have misread it, too, and entered what you did. Some of the stuff I'm asking you to enter may look like gobbledygook to you, anyway. Let me just cut to the chase and explain what it is I'm looking for with all these questions.
At some point, you had to have created subdirectories in the /media directory in order to have mount points to mount your devices from your customized fstab file. Let's take one step at a time to get this fixed. So, what you, personally, need to do is browse your /media directory without any external hard drives attached, without any CDs or DVDs inserted, and without even any floppy disks inserted, if you happen to have a floppy drive. Only then can you be sure that what you are looking at in the /media directory is stuff that is permanently written there. Once you have determined what has been written there, you need to move that data and those folders to a more fitting area. Your home partition would be a good start. But, it's your data, and only you can determine where to move it to.
The reason you want to do this is that /media is designed as a Linux directory where the contents of removable drives and CDs and DVDs and floppies are temporarily stored within the file system, so that you can access what is on those external hard drives, optical disks and floppies. Once all the removable volumes have been removed, the /media directory should be completely empty. That's part of where you're running into problems now.
For example, if you have a DVD drive and you open a terminal and enter:ls -l /dev/cdrom
you should see:lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 3 May 20 22:47 /dev/cdrom -> sr0
If you enter:ls -l /dev/dvd
you should see:lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 3 May 20 22:47 /dev/dvd -> sr0
See a pattern here? sr0 is the physical device known as a CD/DVDROM or CD/DVDRW, also known as a "coffee cup holder". mmmm, coffee
/dev/cdrom and /dev/dvd are actually links to the physical sr0 device. When you insert a CD or DVD, the /sbin/udev daemon process, running in the background, automatically creates a subdirectory in /media and mounts the CD or DVD according to which one it is. Once that CD or DVD is ejected, the /media subdirectory that /sbin/udev created is erased. It was just a "bookmark" or "placeholder" for storing the real data written on one of your removable volumes.
What bothers me is that in one of your screenshots, supposedly with no optical disk in the drive, /media/cdrom shows 2 items. If there really is no optical disk in the drive, there should be no /media/cdrom directory. This is why you need to start, with no removable media inserted, (including removable hard drives), to separate the wheat from the chaff. So, this is step one of the process, you determining what has been inadvertantly written to the /media subdirectories, and moving it somewhere else.
Once step one has been accomplished, which only you can do, we'll move on the Windows partitions, then, finally, to your kernel installation issues. Capiche?